Under what diseases leeches are used, as well as their secret and preparations derived biologically active substances? The list of diseases of pathological states for which a use medicinal leech or girudopreparata includes almost all somatic diseases associated with blood circulation, tissue hypoxia, edema, stagnation, malfunctions enzyme that evolved to anyone, without exception, the system body or organ. In cardiology practice in patients with ischemic heart disease and angina statement leeches on vascular points can achieve relief of chest pain, shortness of breath decrease, disappearance of leg edema, improve ECG. The method allows to achieve improved microcirculation heart muscle and reduce myocardial hypoxia. Anti-ischemic effect obtained by combined treatment with leeches and leech creams drug. In gastroenterology leeches are used in the treatment of biliary dyskinesia tract, cholecystitis, holetsistoholangitov, pancreatitis, hepatotoxicity, hepatitis, duodenitis, gastritis, colitis including ulcerative colitis, Hirschsprung’s disease and Crohn’s disease. In these cases, along with the applied hirudotherapy manipulation of the abdomen, vacuum technique, herbal medicine, diet, monitor cleaning the intestines, colon hydrotherapy. In surgical pathology girudoterapiya applied in the preoperative and postoperative periods for the following diseases: inguinal, umbilical, various postoperative ventral hernia, leg vein thrombophlebitis extremities, trophic ulcers, occlusive disease, atherosclerosis lower limbs, post-injection infiltrates felon, lymphedema, nonhealing wounds, fistulas, postoperative edema. It should be noted that the therapeutic effect is the ability to manage local blood flow and
lymph flow. The Trauma and Spine leeches also are used in acute and chronic stages. In acute injury oversight of leeches relieves pain reduces swelling, prevents bruising encysted, ie faster restores joint function, the injured tissues. Apply leech topically in fractures of limbs (after 6-12 months after injury) and in cases contractures of postoperative keloids, and even for the correction of bone calluses. In diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and post-traumatic degenerative, in particular, osteochondrosis, hirudotherapy carried out in combination with manual therapy of the abdomen, honey massage, using clay, vakuumterapiey. Deforming artrozoartrity hip, shoulder, knee and oversight of leeches treated locally, and use of autologous blood in packs of addl leeches. Significant analgesic effect, and even regenerate cartilage surface of the joint fails to achieve with such a disabling disease as Perthes disease (Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head). Damage to the meniscus of the knee joint not only analgesic, but also lend themselves to a regenerative effect -9 action of leech secretion. In gout, a pathology exchange processes achieved analgesic effect and strain disappear phalanges small joints of the fingers and toes.