China is also famous for the wide application of leeches. If you believe the ancient manuscripts, the Chinese began to use the leech from the IX century BC. e. They treat these amazing creatures almost all diseases. Unlike many other countries, China is popular holding home girudoterapii sessions. Contemporaries wrote that the Yangtze – blue river and its tributary Yalong River, renowned as the most important thing in this country habitat of leeches. Residents catch them yourself. Unavailability of literature, unfortunately, does not allow any to describe what methods are used to catch whether or transfer scheme setting leeches for various diseases.Unexpected facet of the application of leeches opened Florentine prince Marchionne di Coppo Stefani. At the beginning of the XIV century until his country reached plague epidemic which began in Asia in 1347, arrived in Cyprus, and then passed through many countries of Europe, and since 1351 has spread throughout Russia. Terrible disease for decades claimed the lives of millions of people. We tried all the available arsenal of medical tools, sorcerers and witches were doing rituals and spells, but neither one nor the other did not help. And then in 1350 the Florentine prince all of a sudden said, “Let’s try a leech! I’ve read that it is – a great tool prevention of various diseases. What if the plague depart? ” Offer perplexed, most thought let leeches bite itself seemed wild. Hostile attitude to the fact that clings and sticks, prevailed. In addition, some residents at the time knew that the leeches have teeth. As you know, fear has big eyes: fear of leeches, but contradict the prince no one dared. An order was issued on the widespread prophylactic setting leeches absolutely everyone in the country, even to children. And the plague receded – against this means she was powerless. After several decades Marchionne wrote lines that complement the story of the leech, “If we started to use medicinal leeches to treat plague at least a year ago, we would have managed to save the lives of tens of thousands of people.” Friedrich August Esmarch – a German scientist, surgeon, researcher problems aseptic and antiseptic, in 1904 one of the first use of medicinal leeches as an antiseptic. Positive results were there, but the reactionary views of German medicine early XX century did not allow him at the proper level to continue their research in this area. Experiments in girudoterapii he had to stop.Subsequently F. Esmarch became known as the “author” tourniquet, anesthesia masks, elastic bandage, and more. Rumors that treats leech, in those days there were the most incredible. Wrote, for example, that the Norwegian scientist and ethnographer T. Heyerdahl for several years, from 1943 to 1947, was suffering from hemorrhoids. The offering to try hirudotherapy treated skeptical, but agreed. After successful treatment felt completely healthy and in 1947 set sail on a raft “Kon-Tiki” from Peru to Polynesia. Contemporaries no longer mention the “inconvenient” disease of the famous scientist.