In ancient times, healers knew three of the most effective method of treatment. The first and most popular of them was bleeding using medicinal leeches. The second most popular was considered venosektsiya, in other words, vein bloodletting. The third method involves the use of krovootsosnyh cans: on the skin of the patient makes a small incision, put the bank and the bank itself stretched “bad” blood. Practice shows that the most pronounced and persistent therapeutic effect was achieved after the bloodletting using leeches. While doctors had no idea what, except bloodletting helps the sick body leech. True, there were those who did not recommend leeches because of their “inconvenience” – as you already know, after a session of the wound while still oozing blood. On the question of where and when first started using leeches as a therapeutic agent, modern scholars respond differently. Some believe that in ancient Egypt, the other – in India in the third millennium BC. e., the third – in ancient China. There is also a view that the first to discover this unique method of treatment were Israelis. It is difficult to know for now and scientifically authentically restored historical chronology, and hardly need to look discoverer girudoterapii in one country or another. The main thing is what scientists today agree different countries – from ancient times the leech was the safest, proven, persistent and effective in treating a variety of diseases.Leeches were popular in different countries: Spain, England, France and Italy. Some of these countries have imported leeches, others – exported. It is known that the first place on the import of leeches annually held the Spanish city of Toledo. V1561, imports reached its highest level: more than 3 million leeches annually. By 1800, imports increased leeches in this city of 4.5 million leeches annually. Especially popular were leeches in Utonge – medieval principality in Thailand. Historians suggest that after the collapse of the state of Sukhothai in the XIV century it became the core of the Thai state. This principality was one of the first Siamese lands, which, since 1350, used the leech as the first anti-obesity agents. As you know, in the Middle Ages massive obesity population was one of the main problems of the residents of many states. Leech was suddenly an indispensable tool for those who want to lose weight quickly and without damage to their health. Libraries Thailand still preserved ancient manuscripts, according to which, after five sessions girudoterapii patient loses weight from five to ten pounds. Rumors about a safe, and most importantly, harmless way to lose weight spread around the world. And today some girudoterapevt specialize in solving this problem. But not only the treatment of obesity interested girudoterapevt past centuries. Gynecological diseases at all times be disturbed both the patients and the doctors who tried to find an effective means to treat them. One of the first in 1552 tried to use leeches to treat gynecological diseases G. Fallopian – Italian physician and anatomist. After his death in his honor were named as famous doctors and women the fallopian tubes. However, detailed descriptions of any gynecological diseases, where and how much to put leeches, unfortunately, did not survive. In 1820, J. Dieffenbach, a German surgeon, discovered an unexpected effect. He found out that the leech is able to provide not only a healing effect, but also an analgesic, disinfectant. Also, two or three sessions hiruodtherapy removed patient stress.